Tuesday, August 25, 2009

5 Ways to Feel Scripture

Many of us read the Bible, and many of us do not. Many of us go into Bible reading looking for anything but transformation, which is unfortunate, given that transformation is the primary reason the written word of God exists. Devotional Scripture reading requires discipline and consistency, but its aim is the treasuring of God's word in our hearts and the delighting of ourselves in God's statutes. We have at our fingertips the very revelation of God to us, and yet we treat Scripture like a blunt instrument, like a reference book, like a prop for our propaganda, anything but the wellspring of God's truth to be drunk deeply from. Devotional Scripture reading means meditating on Scripture, chewing on it, savoring it, learning not just how to read Scripture, but how to feel it.

My conviction is that evangelicals by and large have lost their ability to feel Scripture. The great irony is that now when the Bible is more available than any time in history, we are perhaps more biblically illiterate than any Christian generation in history.
The great opportunity in this, of course, is that our generation is now extra ripe for biblical transformation and a revival in commitment to the deep well of Scripture.

I've come up with five ways one might begin to develop a greater feeling for Scripture. Some or all of these may not be new to you (and none were invented by me, of course), as they are basically good practices for essential Bible study, but put into disciplined practice, these approaches to study can condition us to feel Scripture more keenly.

1. Interpret Before You Apply

As Michael Horton once lamented, too many Bible study classes are first asking "What does this passage mean to you?" instead of "What does this passage mean?".
The cult of application has dulled many an understanding. Don't jump the gun. Modern Christianity has really overestimated the value of "making the Bible relevant."

Jesus says that if anyone wishes to follow him, he must deny himself and take up his cross. When we leap to application first, we immediately diminish the powerful relevancy of this teaching. We make taking up crosses about dealing with annoying coworkers or a nagging illness, when these applications skip the primary meaning: taking up one's cross is about death. And often thinking too keenly about annoyances and aggravations is self-indulgence, not self-denial.

The Bible is already relevant! In our zeal to "make it" relevant to us, we often lose the danger in its primary relevancy. Because Scripture is God's revelation to us, it is imminently and enduringly relevant.

"Interpretation before application" is is a fundamental element to all Bible study, but if our desire is to develop a greater feel for Scripture, we will more and more subject our feelings to Scripture's unwavering revelation (interpretation) rather than subject Scripture to our feelings (what often happens in the applicational exercise).

2. Keep It In Context

Taking Scripture out of context is epidemic. Whether we are led to do so by those handy verse numbers in our Bibles or by topical preaching that takes a scattershot approach to verse presentation (rather than a more expositional approach) or by our soundbite and short-attention-span culture, many of us have forgotten the cardinal rule of context.

Out of context, Jesus' statement "I have come not to bring peace but a sword" makes him sound like Conan the Barbarian.

Out of context, Hebrews 6:4-6 seems to indicate that Christians can ultimately "lose" their salvation, and indeed many believers use these three verses to support that view. But two verses later (Heb. 6:9), the author of Hebrews is contrasting whatever is being described in Heb 6:4-6 with "things accompanying salvation."
If one isn't looking at this full passage on the biblical page one may never see it.

We like to keep Scripture short and manageable, and that's understandable. It's certainly more convenient that way. But we will not be mastered by Scripture if we don't occasionally allow it to overwhelm us, intimidate us, and force us to wrestle with it. Bite size chunks are good for memorization and the like, but to feel Scripture, we have to drink from it deeply, pushing ourselves to capacity, and we must do this constantly and over and over again. Keeping verses in context may prevent us from clearly understanding something right off the bat, but it will also keep us from inadvertently misunderstanding it right off the bat.

3. Make Connections

Scripture is cohesive, a great brilliant tapestry that is interwoven from the same threads. Contrary to various heresies, God ain't different from Old Testament to New, and Paul didn't invent a different Christianity from Jesus'.

One of the things I chase as important in my preaching (and in the Bible studies I lead) is the connections between the primary passage of focus and related passages elsewhere in Scripture. Typical topical preaching involves a pre-selected topic and then a few isolated verses that relate to the topic. But good Scriptural cross-connection involves a pre-selected passage and then a few other passages that are connected narratively, thematically, or theologically.

Losing a feel for Scripture has resulted from losing our sense of Scriptural continuity. It's all connected; there are no coincidences. (Okay, that's hyperbole; there are some coincidences. But there are many more connections, particularly between Old Testament narrative and New Testament narrative, that testify to the premeditation of God's revelation.)

For instance, look at the story in John 6 about the disciples in the stormy waters and Jesus walking to them on the waves. There is the obvious connection of the parallel narrative in Matthew's Gospel. Then there are other, less obvious connections like Jesus' declaration "It is I" recalling YHWH's Hebrew self-declaration "I AM." Jesus on the water reminds us of the Spirit hovering over the surface of the deep in the beginning of Genesis. The boat's immediately going to the shore when Jesus boarded brings to mind God separating the land from the chaotic waters in the Creation story. The story itself reminds us of other stormy sea tales, as when Jesus slept below deck while the disciples fretted over a storm. Later in the narrative, the confused crowd and Jesus' words about "food that does not spoil" reminds us of the disgruntled Israelites in Exodus and the manna that was only good for the day, of Jesus' subsequent words on being the Bread of Life, and even of Jesus' words to the Samaritan woman at the well about water that lives.

This is not to say that what one passage means in one place it also means in a place where you have made a connection. It is only to say that Scripture interprets Scripture, and that the more connections we make, the greater feel we will have for the brilliant unity of Scripture.
As you're reading a particular passage, ask yourself, "What other passages does this remind me of?" Then track those down. Before you know it, you are making connections, and before you know it, you are getting a feel for the broader and fuller contours of the Bible's story.

4. Apply Prayerfully

When you're ready to apply Scripture -- remember, interpretation comes first -- instead of applying a passage in a static sense, apply in a prayerful, dynamic sense. Here is what I mean by this difference:

Static Application: Reading "Love bears all things" in 1 Corinthians 13 and thinking, "This is important because my husband is really difficult to live with. He's very burdensome."
Prayerful Application: Lord, give me the strength and passion to love my husband even when I find it very difficult. Change my heart to bear all things.

The first approach is basic application. It is not invalid so far as it goes. But it is distressingly close to subjecting Scripture to our experience, rather than vice versa. Moreover, it is more observational than it is motivational. It only involves noticing something, not committing to something. This is why I call it static.

The second approach, however, not only presses us to subject our feelings to Scripture -- in the example, the application entails committing to doing something in response -- but it also turns the application into a conversation with the One prompting the response. The reader isn't just noticing "Hey, this reminds me of my problem," she is bringing that problem before the Lord and taking the initiative of being changed by Scripture's addressing of that problem.

In the first approach the temptation is toward gracelessness, because the focus is on what must be endured (a difficult husband). This is counter to the passage itself!
In the second approach the impetus is toward grace, because the focus is on loving according to the Scripture's call.
This prayerful approach to application is a highly efficient way to begin feeling Scripture.

5. Look For Jesus

All of Scripture either points to Jesus' life and teaching or emerges from it. All of it.
To know God, you must know Jesus. And to feel Scripture most keenly, you must see Jesus between its lines and at the beginning and end of its many trajectories. He is there, all over the place, and Christians committed to following him closely will seek the glorious enlightenment of the disciples on the road to Emmaus (Luke 24). "Beginning with Moses and all the Prophets" Jesus himself "explained to them what was said in all the Scriptures concerning himself."

When you're in the Old Testament, wherever you are, ask yourself, "What does this say about Jesus? How does this point to Jesus? Did Jesus ever quote or refer to this? What is the importance of this in the light of Jesus?"
Finding Jesus in the Gospels is easy of course, but making the Jesus connection in the epistles is vitally important (again, particularly today when many are telling us that Paul's teaching is wholly different from Jesus').

Scholar N.T. Wright says that we ought to read the New Testament as if Jesus in the Gospels is giving us this sheet music for a masterwork symphony and as if Paul and the other epistolary authors are keen on teaching the Church how to perform it.

If you plan on keeping Christ at the center of your life, you must plan on keeping Christ at the center of your Christian practice, including your Scripture reading.

These are not magic bullets, of course, and no doubt if you are a serious Bible student, you are already putting some or all of these tips into regular practice. If you are, you likely have a much greater feel for the brilliance and power of the Holy Scriptures than the average churchgoer. Let us continue pressing further into the depth and breadth of the transforming Word, submitting our thoughts and feelings to it for the good of our neighbors and for the glory of the Author.


Joe Thorn said...

Great stuff Jared.

Anonymous said...

Passing this on to everyone in our Fight Clubs...

Jared Yaple said...

I've buried myself in Galatians for several months using these and other ways...I feel the letter deep in my heart as a result.

Thank you for taking the time to develop and write this post.

Kent said...

5. Look for Jesus....

joe carley said...

Great thoughts Jared.

And I think T. David Gordon would agree with your thought that we've lost the feel of Scripture; he would go farther and say that pastors have not cultivated the ability to read texts closely and understand them deeply (in his book "Why Johnny Can't Preach").

I think that all of us at some point need instruction on just how to actually go about doing #1 and #2 rightly.

Otherwise, the repeated calls to "read your Bible" or "have quiet times" to the average churchgoer often just lead to guilt or giving up in frustration.

Great thoughts though, and much needed.

Just curious, if the average churchgoer came to you and said "I want to be able to interpret the Scriptures better", where would you point them first?

shipwrecksoul said...

What is Hebrews 6:4-6: Saying?
4. For it is impossible for those who were once enlightened, and have tasted of the heavenly gift, and were made partakers of the Holy Ghost,
5. And have tasted the good word of God, and the powers of the world to come, 6. If they shall fall away, to renew them again unto repentance; seeing they crucify to themselves the Son of God afresh...

(Did it say renew them again unto salvation? no.) Let me give it a go on what was meant in that ole scary verse.

Two friends were told by God that everything in the 7 eleven store is free because he paid for it. The two friends go into the store and just get two sodas, freely. On the way out one friend thinks to himself this is not right I should have to pay for this free soda, while the other friend goes outside resting on Gods promise of the free soda, looking at his friend from the outside trying to buy his free gift. The other friend pulls out his money, works, and wants to pay for his soda, he is not resting on the promises of God. Does he negate what God has said? Does he now live by his works of righteousness? Is he tossing the standard of repentance out the window with his wanting to pay for the free gift? Will he know"if we confess our sins he is faithfull and just to forgive our sins."

Jared said...

So you're saying Christians who sometimes foolishly lean on their works aren't saved?

If so, I'm in big trouble.